Apr 23, 2010
Posted in Post Pregnancy

Birth Control Options after Baby

Although breastfeeding could offer majority though not all moms with approximately three months of safeguard, yet birth control has to be given careful consideration. Women who bottle feed their babies could go through their ovulation phase in just a couple of weeks post-delivery.

Hence, wisely stated, it is time to plan for the future by taking into consideration several birth control options.

Hormonal Method

Hormonal methods like birth control pills, patches, rings have estrogen and artificial progestin (progesterone) for suppressing ovulation. These hormonal methods have a proven efficacy of ninety-seven percent and a woman could commence its use in 6 weeks following birth of the baby and the ideal option for mothers who bottle feed their babies. As estrogen could lower milk production hence a preferable birth control choice for breastfeeding mothers is the mini-pill having just progestin and having a ninety-four to ninety-seven percent efficacy or contraceptive injections that have a ninety-nine percent efficacy.

No sooner has the pill use been halted, ovulation would commence again within merely 2 weeks. Till the time a woman is not smoking, even being over thirty-five years and taking the pill for several years is safe.

NuvaRing is another choice and has similar functioning as the Pill however it has to be inserted within the vagina and would stay for 3 weeks.

Barrier Method

Barrier methods inclusive of the diaphragms have an eighty percent efficacy and resembling a rubbery dome-shaped structure that is designed to cover the cervical area, and the smaller-sized cervical caps that fit direct on the cervix, however with just sixty percent efficacy in females that have delivered. Both these birth control options need refitting post-pregnancy. Male condom has an eighty-six percent efficacy whereas the female condom has a seventy-nine percent efficacy and easily obtainable OTC birth control options.

Intra Uterine Device (IUD)

After delivery, new mothers could opt for a more effectual birth control method, the intrauterine device (IUD) which has an effectiveness of ninety-nine percent. Also, the uterus in case of woman post-delivery has greater receptiveness to an IUD. The IUD causes the mucus in the cervix to thicken which acts as a blockage to the sperms thus hampering egg fertilization.

The IUD is inserted within and removed with ease and fertility is soon restored following removal. There are duo choices in case of IUD which involve insertion inside the uterus by an obstetrician or gynaecologist. Mirena is one brand of IUD which has been shown to steadily release progestin for nearly 5 years time period. Paragard is another IUD brand that would release copper from nearly a decade however could be causal to heavier menses.

Closed for Business

In case a woman is completely sure about not having another child then the male partner could go in for vasectomy which would be a safer bet as compared to tubal ligation in case of a woman. The vasectomy procedure could be conducted at the doctor’s clinic employing novocaine as against the need for hospitalization and being anaesthetized.

Essure is a choice for females that disparate to vasectomy and tubal ligation would need small slit being made through which the doctor would insert small metal coils within the fallopian tubes, after which eventual scar tissue development occurs over them thus blocking the entry of sperms.

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