May 25, 2010

Second and Third Trimester Bleeding During Pregnancy

Unusual bleeding in the second or third trimester of pregnancy might be graver since it could be an indication of maternal-fetal related problems for which prompt medical assistance must be sought.

Likely reasons for second and third trimester bleeding during pregnancy consist of:

Placenta previa

A condition developing due to placenta being lowly placed in the uterus and partly or totally covering the birth or parturient canal. Though placenta previa occurs quite rarely (1 in two hundred conceptions), it is an emergency situation that requires instant medical attention. Placenta previa caused bleeding during pregnancy could mostly occur painlessly.

Placental Abruption

In nearly one percent of conceptions, placental detachment from the uterine wall prior to or at the time of labor and blood-inundated pool formation in-between uterus and the placenta could be detrimental to maternal-fetal health. Other placental abruption symptoms comprise of abdomen pains, clot formations in the vagina, uterine tenderness and back ache.

Uterine rupture

In atypical situations, scar from an earlier caesarean section could rip apart during gestational period, having life-menacing outcomes and necessitate an emergency caesarean operation. Pains and abdominal tenderness are other signs of uterine rupture.

Vasa previa

This is a rather uncommon condition wherein blood vessels of the growing fetus in the placenta or umbilical cord appear to have crossed the parturient canal aperture. Vasa previa could be risky for the fetal health since the blood vessels could rip apart thus eliciting severe bleeding in the fetus and oxygen loss. Irregular fetal cardiac rate and intense blood loss are other vasa previa symptoms.

Premature labor

Vaginal bleeding in the later months of gestation might simply be an indication that one’s system is readying itself for delivery. A couple of days or weeks prior to the onset of labor, the mucus plug covering the uterine opening would be passed out from the vagina and it would generally have miniscule levels of blood present in it, also called as the blood-gore show. In case bleeding and signs of labor commence prior to thirty-seven week of gestation, it is imperative to immediately get in touch with the physician since a woman may be in preterm labor.

Discharge from the vagina, pressure felt in abdomen, contractions and lower back pain are other signs of preterm labor.

Other reasons that could be causing bleeding during late pregnancy are vaginal or cervical injury, polyp formations or cancer.

What must be done in case one is experiencing irregular bleeding during pregnancy?

As vaginal blood loss is any trimester could be an indication of some issue hence it imperative to immediately contact the physician. Wearing a sanitary napkin which one could keep tabs about the extent of bleeding and recording the kind of blood being seen (for instance, pinkish, brownish or reddish; even textured or clot-inundated). Any tissue passage out from the vagina should be preserved and forwarded to the physician for further evaluation. Avoiding the usage of tampons or engaging in sexual intercourse when one is continuing to have bleeding.

Certain symptoms necessitating medical attention and which could be indications of a miscarriage are acute pains or severe cramping in the lower portion of the abdomen, acute blood loss that may or may not be accompanied with pains, vaginal discharge containing tissue, giddiness or faints and a fever of over a hundred degree Fahrenheit and at times accompanied with chills.

Related Posts with Thumbnails

Leave a Reply

CommentLuv badge