May 10, 2010
Posted in Miscarriage

Mandatory Critical Tests for Every Frequent Miscarriage Sufferer – Part I

Those women experiencing recurring miscarriages should ensure all the basic tests are carried out inclusive of evaluation of anomalies in uterus, hormone level test and chromosome investigation prior to setting off to the edging of medicinal knowledge and seeking investigative tests and therapies. However, in case every final test outcome turns out to be normal and one continues to ail from recurrent pregnancy loss then it is time to set sights on a number of novel therapies based on the latest researches:

PGD (Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis)

Chromosomal aberrations are the prevalent reason for accidental and frequent miscarriages. The embryo bears flaws which stab its chances of ever developing into a viable infant. As is the case with majority of the accidental miscarriages cases, the harm arises due to incorrect lining up of the chromosomes from sperm and egg. But in pairs facing frequent miscarriages, it is likely that the anomaly is heritable instead of a coincidence of nature, which means there is a defect in either the male or the female’s genes like translocation wherein a certain section of a chromosome is affixed to another – might not have an effect on the couple’s health though it could thwart embryo from growing. But, as the embryo solely would inherit half of the mother and father’s genes, there would yet be a likelihood of having a healthy newborn in case bypassing of the flawed gene occurred.

Presently there are no means of fixing chromosomes in human beings; hence researchers are instead laying focus on ways of sifting through a set of embryos for segregating viable ones from the dire ones via PGD. When PGD is done alongside IVF (in-vitro fertilization), it helps in ably screening embryo that has a heritable disease like sickle cell anemia. PGD is available in over fifty clinics globally and has been ably employed from the early nineties for screening purposes.

Manner of Working

Blood analysis is conducted for the couple to test for chromosomal aberrations; no sooner has an anomaly been recognized, the woman’s egg would be retrieved and creation of numerous embryos is done via IVF. Subsequent to 3 days after embryo development occurs  up to 6 cells then removal of one cell is done using a delicate needle and evaluated for anomaly (normal development of embryos would persist despite removal of a single cell). After 2 days, solely embryos which are normal and in good health would be used for implantation.


Even as PGD has been successfully used for over ten years to screen heritable conditions, yet it still has to be established how ably it functions in treatment of recurrent miscarriages. According to a latest study finding, investigators claim that the use of PGD was helpful in reducing miscarriage in females over thirty-years of age from 36% down to seventeen percent; however there are other people who would continue to be cynical. The matter is highly debatable since women with frequent miscarriages have a greater likelihood of producing all irregular embryos and there being not much that could be implanted. Presently, PGD is highly beneficial as an analytic tool. Other downsides are the costs and anxiety of having to go through in-vitro fertilization, the PGD costs already running in thousands of dollars), the high occurrence of erroneous diagnosis and likely harm to the embryo.


A common belief among researchers is that on eliminating other likely reasons for miscarriage, a flaw in the immune system could be the possible offender. Usually the immune system would assault any alien matter in the body. Embryo has half recognizable heritable material from the woman and half non-familiar material from the man. During a normal pregnancy, the antibodies that block and shield the embryo are produced by the mother. In case some aspect comes in the course of these antibodies being produced then killer cells (lymphocytes) come to the fore and commence an assault. Hence, investigators are been probing ideal means of suppressing such killer lymphocytes.

Manner of Working

IVIG (intravenous immunoglobulin therapy) which had been earlier employed for treating autoimmune conditions, however lately has been used for treating miscarriage. During IVIG procedure, extraction of antibodies done from the blood of over a hundred donors is administered as shot into expectant mothers hoping that it would have a suppressing action on the immune system and shield the embryo.


IVIG is obtainable at numerous clinics yet it is deemed still quite investigational with some physicians vouching for it whereas others calling it a rip-off preying on fraught couples. Experts believe it to be beneficial to a particular set of women having inexplicable secondary miscarriage (first normal delivery after which subsequent 3 or more pregnancy failures) and all regular test outcomes coming normal.

The downside to IVIF therapy is that it being basically an FDA-accepted drug however being employed in an unaccepted manner due to which numerous insurance providers would not provide coverage. And despite blood samples would undergo screening yet the risk with blood borne ailments being transmitted via blood like hepatitis is always present.

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