Several factors can affect the occurrence of increased blood pressure in pregnancy. These factors can be modified, and there cannot change.
There are several things you can do to lower the possibility of the occurrence of preeclampsia. Here are the tricks:
1. Weight Control
Obesity or excess weight can affect hormone balance and the metabolism of your body, which in turn can increase the risk of the occurrence of preeclampsia.
2. Keep Food Intake
It is essential to restrict your intake of salt and potassium intake from getting enough food every day. It can reduce your risk of experiencing an increase in blood pressure, well before pregnancy or during pregnancy.
3. Prevent Dehydration & Fatigue
Quite right Your water intake per day for a minimum of 8 glasses. It also helps in supporting the balance of salts in the body. Make sure you have enough sleep, at least 7-8 hours every night.
4. Regular Exercise
Regular exercise during pregnancy dramatically helps keep your health, including help in controlling your weight and reduce stress. Also, use can also reduce the risk of complications in pregnancy, including preeclampsia.
5. Regular Control To A Doctor
Consultation with doctors not only when you’re pregnant, but you started preparing for pregnancy. By doing this, you can avoid some factors cause the onset of preeclampsia.
Signs Of Preeclampsia
The characteristics of preeclampsia in pregnant women are as follows:
- Excess protein in the urine of pregnant women (proteinuria), or other signs of kidney problems
- A severe headache
- Impaired vision, including weakening vision, blurred vision or sensitivity to light
- Upper abdominal Pain, usually below the ribs on the right side
- Nausea or vomiting
- Expenditures decreased urine
- A decrease in platelet levels in the blood (thrombocytopenia)
- Damaged liver function
- Shortness of breath, caused by fluid in the lungs
- Weight gain suddenly, and swelling (edema), particularly on the face and hands often accompanies preeclampsia.
But these traits also occurs in most normal pregnancies, so can not be considered the main symptoms of preeclampsia.
What Is Preeclampsia
Poisoning of pregnancy (preeclampsia and eclampsia) is a condition that is potentially dangerous and can develop by itself in pregnant women. Poisoning pregnancy consists of three signs:
- high blood pressure (hypertension)
- Protein urine (proteinuria)
- Swelling of fluid in the body (edema)
Often accompanied by preeclampsia pregnancy complications and signs of damage on other organ systems. Preeclampsia usually develops after the 20th week (second trimester) of pregnancy, where precisely on pregnant women with blood pressure was normal.
Sometimes several of them show no signs of vascular abnormalities or hypertension before. Even the slightest increase in blood pressure in pregnant women can be one of the characteristics of preeclampsia.
If left untreated can lead to severe complexities of preeclampsia even fatal during pregnancy. If Moms are diagnosed with preeclampsia too early, it’s best to avoid those risks with precaution as it should be.
Preeclampsia can sometimes be developed without any symptoms or only cause mild symptoms. The primary clinical sign of preeclampsia increased blood pressure.
Besides hypertension, clinical signs and symptoms of preeclampsia are:
- Shortness of breath due to fluid in the lungs.
- Severe headaches.
- A reduced urine volume.
- Impaired vision, such as sight lost temporarily, become blurred, or sensitivity to light.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Pain in the upper abdomen (usually under rib cage right side).
- Increased protein in the urine (proteinuria).
- Impaired liver function.
- Swelling on the soles of the feet, ankles, face, and hands.
- Decreased number of platelets in the blood (thrombocytopenia).
Preeclampsia In Pregnancy
Preeclampsia in pregnant women is one of the leading causes of death in pregnancy. It is because did not get proper handling due to the scanty knowledge of the mother against the mark and the dangers of pregnancy.
High blood tension can influence the brain, kidneys, liver, and lungs. Preeclampsia is traditionally considered a condition that most commonly precedes Eclampsia (seizures due to high blood pressure in pregnancy).
Preeclampsia causes preterm birth (either spontaneously or to save the mother and baby), baby congenital disabilities or fetal development is not perfect, even potentially life-threatening.
Although the cause of preeclampsia is unknown for sure, experts believe the condition started in the placenta, the organ that nourishes the fetus i.e., during pregnancy. In early pregnancy, new blood vessels grow and evolve efficiently sends blood to the placenta.
The cause of preeclampsia can include abnormal developments:
- The blood flow to the uterus
- Damage to blood vessels
- Problems with the immune system
- Genetic Factors
Post-birth preeclampsia is a unique condition that happens when a woman has high blood tension and excess protein in the urine quickly after giving birth.
Most cases of developing post-birth preeclampsia within 48 hours after giving birth. However, post-Preeclampsia post-birth is sometimes growing up to four to six weeks after delivery. It is known as Preeclampsia post-birth end
Preeclampsia post-birth requires treatment. If left untreated, Preeclampsia post-birth can cause seizures and other serious complications. Preeclampsia is a similar situation that develops through pregnancy and usually disappears over time as the birth of a baby.
If a pregnant woman has a high risk for experiencing preeclampsia, usually the doctor will give a low-dose aspirin, ranging in age from 12 weeks of the pregnancy until the baby is born, to lower the risk of developing preeclampsia.
Women who are deficient in calcium intake before and during pregnancy will also be advised taking calcium supplements to prevent preeclampsia. However, pregnant women should not consume drugs, vitamins, or any supplements without consulting in advance with the obstetrician.
Just the process of the childbirth which can cure preeclampsia. If preeclampsia occurs when the fetal age quite yet to be born, the obstetrician will monitor the condition of the body of the sufferer and the baby carefully, up to the age of the baby was enough to be born.
The drugs typically given in pregnant women suffering from preeclampsia are:
- Antihypertension. The doctor will prescribe antibiotic blood pressure medicine that is safe
- Corticosteroids. Fetal lungs develop faster in no time with the help of this medication. Also, corticosteroids can also improve the performance of liver and platelets so that that pregnancy can maintain longer
- Anti-seizure. Doctors prescribe the drugs could have been anti-seizure if preeclampsia suffered severely enough, to avoid the appearance of a seizure.