As the suggested of the World Health Organization (WHO), babies need exclusive breastfeeding intake for at least the first six months of life. Exclusive breastfeeding means that babies only consume breast milk, do not drink food or other additional beverages. If your condition or baby does not allow for exclusive breastfeeding, give formula milk.
Babies who still breastfeed breast milk exclusively do not require water before the age reaches six months. Provision of water in infants aged under six months can actually invite the risk of malnutrition and diarrhea.
Doctors and health experts from different parts of the world do not recommend that babies drink water until they are even 6 months old. Even when the weather is hot, the baby will not get dehydrated also if only breastfed or formula.
When Can Babies Drink Water
Many assume that it is safe to give drinking water to newborns. A minimal amount may be safe, but it is not safe when it is used as a daily drink. Why is that? So, when the baby can drink water? Although water is the primary human need, the baby should not be fed until the age of 6 months.
After all, according to the expert, the amount of water contained in breast milk or formula milk is enough to maintain the health of the baby, even if he gets it only from the formula, breastmilk, or both. Facts also show that 88% of breast milk consists of water.
This high-water content ensures the baby will not be dehydrated even when the weather is hot out there (of course as long as he gets the milk he needs). Similarly, babies who get the main nutrients from formula milk, he also did not need to be given additional water.
Some parties do suggest giving water to infants who drink formula, especially when the weather is hot or when it hurts. But to be safe, you can consult with your doctor about this.
Why Should A Baby Not Drink Water First?
Giving drinking water can make baby’s stomach bloated quickly. In the end, drinking water can reduce the desire to drink milk or formula so that the process of absorption of nutrients from milk can be disrupted.
Also, dr. Jennifer Anders from the Johns Hopkins Children’s Hospital in Baltimore cautioned parents not to give water directly to infants at an early age. Overeating water can put your baby at risk of water intoxication, and that can be fatal.
Because the baby’s kidney organs are not functioning correctly. If babies drink too much water, their bodies can secrete too much salt together with the water they drink. This imbalance of body fluids will interfere with brain activity.
The earliest symptoms that appear are usually drowsy and weak. Other water poisoning symptoms include low body temperature, swollen body (usually on the face), until seizures.
Breast Milk Is The Most Essential Intake For Infants
Breast milk is a perfect baby intake for baby growth. Breast milk contains vitamins, fats, proteins and all the nutrients your body needs. Thus, breastfeeding in infants, from birth to age 2 years is an important thing as much as possible given the mother to her baby.
Breast milk for baby’s body is also more easily digested than formula milk. Breast milk includes antibodies that help your baby fight viruses and bacteria. Breastfeeding reduces the risk of a baby suffering from asthma or allergies.
Plus, infants exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months are more immune to ear infections, respiratory diseases such as asthma, and diarrheal attacks. It is okay to give water to the baby but based on the suggestions above, better water gave when he was able to consume complementary foods of breast milk.
When To Give Baby Water
Why should the baby give water to wait 6 months? Here are some reasons why water should not be provided before the age of 6 months:
- Because water does not contain calories at all, so when the baby is drinking it, he so quickly satiated without getting the nutrients it needs. Glutidness can also make your child reluctant to drink milk. This can make her weight down so that bilirubin levels increase. As a result, your child can experience illness or even death.
- Water may also lead to intoxication or water intoxication, in which the fluid decreases (makes it more nutritious) the nutrient content. Usually, when you see the weight of a baby rises dramatically, some of you are tempted to add water in the formula milk to reduce calories. Whereas formula milk should be presented following the dosage listed on the packaging instructions.
- Too much water also causes electrolyte and sodium levels to drop drastically so that the baby is not only dehydrated but also at risk of brain damage, seizures, even death.
Can Newborns Drink Water
Exclusive Mother’s Milk Program is a worldwide program. The program suggests mothers only breastfeed infants aged 6 months. So, whether the member can give the baby drinking water? Because the mother usually does it to rinse after drinking milk.
Breast milk itself is the best intake for infants. All the macronutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats as well as micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals are present in breast milk. In addition to containing antibodies, breast milk is useful to fight infections. Enzymes and hormones found in breast milk cannot be replaced by formula milk let alone water.
You need to know, proteins in breast milk more easily digested than formula milk or cow’s milk. Calcium and iron in breast milk are also more readily absorbed by the baby’s body. Thus, exclusive breastfeeding may provide protection against infection and reduce the risk of diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and asthma later in life for infants.
Exclusive breastfeeding benefits not only for babies but also for the mother. In a breastfeeding mother, her uterus will contract so the bleeding will stop faster. Breastfeeding can also decrease the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Also, the emotional and inner relationship between mother and baby will be created.
Can You Give A Newborn Water
So, Whether The Baby Still Needs Water?
In general, infants do not need and do not need to be given water until the age of 6 months. The baby will get enough fluids only from breast milk even in hot weather and when the baby is sweating.
When the baby is 6 months old, you may give a little water when thirsty. However, do not give too much, because it can cause the baby to become bloated (full of drinking) or even stomach-ache. Also, too much water can also interfere with the absorption of nutrients from breast milk.
In some cases, water intoxication may occur where the water will dilute the salt content in the body, so that body fluids become unbalanced. These conditions can cause the baby to experience seizures and even decreased consciousness or coma. After your baby is one year old and has eaten solid food, you may give them as much water as they want.
When your baby lacks fluids though, for example during diarrhea, you should not give water. Your baby needs a liquid containing electrolytes. Electrolyte fluid should be consulted first to the doctor. Because the administration of electrolyte fluid requires supervision from a doctor.
It’s good you as a parent refrain from giving water to the baby before the time. The best intake for infants under 6 months is exclusive breastfeeding and requires no additional water.
When Can You Give A Baby Water
The following conditions allow the baby to drink water.
- When the weather is hot, you may provide extra water when brewing formula for infants who are eating recipe.
- If the baby has stomach flu or gastroenteritis, the doctor usually advises providing an electrolyte drink to the baby. The goal helps prevent dehydration.
- After a baby is six months old, the baby may be given water when thirsty, but do not overdo it.
- After one year of age, when he has consumed solid foods, he may be provided as much water as he likes.
Not all drinks are suitable for babies and children, especially those younger than 6 months. In addition to water, tea, whether sweet or not and coffee is also not recommended to be given to the baby. Tea and coffee can reduce iron absorption.
Can Babies Drink Water
Some sips of water are not harmful but consult a doctor before giving water for babies under 6 months.
Here’s a guide for you to start when to give water to the baby.
From Birth – 3 Months
Newborns should not be given white water because their small stomach can only accept milk. Also, the provision of water in infants will disrupt the electrolyte balance in the body and can affect brain function and heart.
Although not harmful, giving water at this age is not recommended. According to the study, breastfed infants do not require additional water intake, even in tropical places when temperatures above 37.7 ° C per day.
Meanwhile, formula-fed infants may be allowed to drink water (about 1-2 ounces) when the weather is scorching. However, consult your doctor before giving your baby water. Remember! Water cannot replace the role of breast milk, and formula milk should not be diluted with additional water.
5 – 7 Months
At this age, the baby can hold objects and can learn to drink himself from the glass. Give the baby a special glass so he can sip water easily. Choose a lens that can hold about 4-6 ounces of water.
Fill the water until it is full, so the baby does not need to tilt his head while drinking. A large, full glass of water may be too heavy for your baby to use. So, use a smaller size and lightweight.
Can Newborns Have Water
You do not rush to the conclusion that the baby cannot be given water. Actually, the provision of water can be given according to the right time in the baby, one to determine it is the age of the baby that is after entering 6 months.
One US health agency warned parents not to give water to infants until the age of six months, according to research that is feared would cause infants poisoning if given too much white water.
Even the experts emphasize only given breast milk alone in infants under 6 months of age. You do not need to anxiety about the baby’s thirst because the baby has a reflex on his desire so that breastfeeding has been able to meet the needs of infants under 6 months of age.
Even the provision of water in infants under the period of 6 months will interfere with the baby’s body’s ability to absorb the nutrient content of breast milk that will affect the baby’s growth.
What If The Baby Is Forced To Drink Water?
Although water is not suitable for babies under 6 months, this does not mean he was drinking water at all. For example, when a baby wants to take a powdered medicine, water can be used as an ingredient to make powder into liquid and more easily feed into baby’s mouth. Although in fact, you can use breast milk to dissolve it.
Water is occasionally needed to remove the white color on the baby’s tongue from drinking formula milk. White color on the language usually does not occur in babies who drink breast milk.
The recommended water dose for infants under 6 months is 2 ml, or about a quarter teaspoon, no more. If really necessary and not recommended to provide water with dot or Sippy cup.
Baby Drinking Water
The Amount Of Water Needed By Infants Aged 6-12 Months
Talk about when a baby can drink water, there is a reference that is easy to remember. You can start giving water when your baby begins to be fed a companion (usually around the age of 5-6 months). At this time, infant milk intake is generally reduced from 739-887ml to 414-739ml only per day.
Of course, this amount also depends on how dense the food is introduced, the type, or how often you give it. The most important thing is to ensure that infants between the ages of 6-12 months still get the nutrients it needs for maximum physical development.
Now that this goal is achieved effectively, it helps you move slow when introducing solid foods on your baby. While the matter of water, a 6-month-old baby does not really need it. Therefore, he may only drink a little (about 59-118ml). Yet at this time he still gets the main nutrients from milk. You can use a suction cup when you start to introduce water.
It does not matter if the baby does not spend all the water in a glass or bottle at a time. He will drink a lot if he feels thirsty, and again this is still a stage to introduce the taste of water to him.
The Amount Of Water Required By Infants Over 12 Months Of Age
Once the child reaches 12 months, then the milk intake is usually reduced (a day may be a maximum of 473ml only). At this stage, the mother can begin to introduce various new foods as well as regular meals such as breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
Since at this age children are active, then the need for water will also increase by itself. Therefore, the United States Department of Agriculture advises children over 12 months to drink 1.3 litters of water per day. This amount also includes water obtained from all food and liquid sources such as milk.
If the baby’s body is hydrated, it can help the process of digestion as well as replace the lost fluid from the body. The last suggestion is to encourage the child to drink water between meals. While eating, it’s better to give whole milk to him.
When Can Babies Start Drinking Water
Water is the most valuable water for the health of the body and can boost immunity against bacterial attacks resulting from free radicals, but not for infants aged 0-6 months. Why? Of course, this is related to the function of this baby’s organs.
Then what is the danger? Here are some of the dangers that will occur if giving water to infants aged 0-6 months:
1. The Baby’s Kidney Is Not Ready Yet
Giving white water unusually excessive not suitable for infants aged 0-6 months, because the baby’s kidney has not been formed perfectly. Entering water in the body will only release a lot of sodium and loss of sodium can worsen brain activity and trigger body temperature becomes low. This condition causes the baby’s body is threatened easily to get seizures.
2. Immune Baby Is Not Stable Yet
Water may impair the baby’s immunity because his immunity is not however ready to receive the flow of water except breast milk. If this happens continuously, then the baby’s body will be susceptible to fever.
3. Infant’s Body Development Inhibited
Bacteria-contaminated white water can cause infant development to be no increase, even decreasing body weight. Water intake only leads to a lack of nutrient intake from breast milk.
4. Causes Muscle Spasms And Fever
Excessive administration of water in infants aged 0-6 months can lead to intoxication poisoning. Conditions in the baby’s body that can cause muscle spasms and high temperature. Muscle spasms can also occur in the symptoms of cerebral palsy in infants.
5. Causing Electrolyte Imbalances
If the mother exclusively breastfeeds better not to provide other water including water. This condition can cause electrolytes in the body to become chaotic and affects the smooth absorption of breast milk that became the most important source of nutrition for infants aged 0-6 months.
6. Causes Diarrhea
Water infected by fungi and germs due to less clean water can cause diarrhea in infants, nausea and high fever.
7. Cause Baby’s Taste In Breast Milk Decrease
Giving infants ages 0-6 months water more often than breastfeeding may cause the baby no longer interested in breast milk. In fact, it is essential for the health of his body until the age of 2 years.
8. Causes Of Flatulence
Excessive water giving can cause the baby’s stomach to become full and bloated. The baby will feel his stomach uncomfortable, so the baby cries continuously and fussy.
9. Cause Immunity Decreases
Continuous administration of water exceeds the amount of breast milk then the baby’s immune system will continue to decline and lead to decreased immunity and easily fall ill. Only breast milk can provide adequate immune needs for the baby’s body under any circumstances.
10. Cause The Fluid Becomes Stale
Breastfeeding is irregular or even rare because of the frequency of giving water to infants aged 0-6 months can lead to decreased quality of milk and stale. Babies who rarely breastfeed because drinking too much water can cause the mother’s breast to become swollen and painful, because milk production is abundant but not exclusively used by the baby.
11. Causes Of Nutritional Disorders
Formula feeding for infants aged six months if the dose of water more than the milk, it will cause dietary complications. Baby’s stomach will quickly full but less nutritional intake. If continuous, this condition occurs when the baby will experience hunger and fuss that accompanied the decreasing body weight.
12. Cause The Baby Quickly Thirsty
Provision of water in infants can cause the baby soon dry and mild dehydration attacked. Nutrition in breast milk is the only solution that can overcome dehydration and excessive thirst. Leave water for infants aged 0-6 months, give breast milk regularly.
When Can I Give My Baby Water
Can the baby get dehydrated? As long as her nutritional intake is sufficient and her weight is also healthy, the baby is less likely to become dehydrated.
New exceptions apply when the baby is sick. Pain can make the baby dehydrated, especially if he is not drinking or losing fluids due to diarrhea and vomiting.
Signs of the little dehydration and should be immediately taken to the doctor are:
- The diapers are not as thick as usual.
- The baby appears lethargic, tired, or tear-free.
- The soft part of the baby’s crown looks sunken.
When this happens, the mother should breastfeed more often, give her electrolyte fluid, or in more severe cases, the child may have to be hospitalized and infused.
What Age Can Babies Have Water
Provision of water for infants aged under six months may pose the following health risks.
The Risk Of Malnutrition
If a breastfed baby exclusively drinks water, he can stop breastfeeding prematurely, and this can lead to malnutrition. You will also feel the impact, i.e., the amount of milk will be reduced.
Regarding the content of breast milk itself, especially the first droplets that each nursing infant, containing more than 80 percent water.
Therefore, breast milk alone is enough to hydrate the baby. Every time the baby is thirsty or hungry, immediately give breast milk. In addition to relieving thirst, breast milk also helps in protecting your baby from infection and helps babies grow and develop normally.
Meanwhile, giving water to infants fed with formula milk is also not recommended. Follow the formula milking instructions for your baby, do not try adding water doses beyond the recommended amount. Providing dilute formula milk because too much water means giving your baby less nutrition than she needs.
Also, in infants under 6 months old who consume breast milk or formula, giving water may impair the body’s ability to absorb nutrients from milk. Water can also cause the baby’s stomach feel full so that the desire to eat less.
The Risk Of Diarrhea
Drinking water can also cause your baby to get an infection because the water may not be sterile so your baby may have diarrhea. For infants who consume formula milk, you are encouraged to use boiled water until cooked with a minimum temperature of 70 ° Celsius, then chill before serving.
Mother is not recommended to use bottled water directly but must still be prepared first. Also, if you use bottled water, pay attention to the mineral content because it may contain too much salt or sodium or sulfate.
Check the label on the water pack and make sure the sodium or regular full Na content is not more than 200 mg per liter and the sulfate content or SO or SO4 is less than 250 mg per liter.
Risk Of Water Poisoning
Diluting formula milk may invite the risk of water intoxication in infants. In sporadic cases, consuming too much water can cause baby toxicity or water intoxication, a condition when blood salt levels drop drastically to a level that is too low to disturb the electrolyte balance.
Symptoms of water intoxication can include swelling of the body, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Water poisoning can make baby seizures and even coma.
When Should Babies Have Water
Here are 3 reasons why water is forbidden to babies:
1. The Kidney Can Be Damaged
In infants younger than 6 months, all the organs are not functioning like older children or adults. The organ that is directly related to fluid metabolism is the kidney, so if the baby is given water, then the kidneys that are not ready to filter the liquid other than breast milk can be damaged.
Infant’s organ has not been able to remove water quickly, so it can causing water deposits in the body that can harm the baby.
2. Poisoning Water
Excess water above will create the electrolyte content in the blood to be unbalanced, such as sodium (sodium). The excess fluid will dissolve the sodium in the blood and will be issued by the body so that the sodium content becomes low that can affect brain activity.
Initially marked by whining, drowsiness and other symptoms of decreased consciousness that sometimes escape parental awareness. Other symptoms are a decrease in body temperature, swelling around the face and if left unchecked can be a seizure.
If your child until experiencing a seizure, the possibility of developmental disorders in the future. But it also depends on the frequency and duration of the seizure.
3. Needs Of Nutrition Are Not Met
In addition to water poisoning, giving water every time a baby cries are wrong. A crying baby does not always mean hunger. He may urinate, defecate, less comfortable, sick or other.
How Old Can Babies Have Water
Most of us do not understand that babies get water poisoning. In some cases, babies who drink too much water can cause water intoxication or water intoxication. This is because the levels of salt in the blood fall drastically due to too much water intake.
This can disturb the electrolyte balance. Symptoms of water poisoning in infants include inflammation of the body, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Water poisoning can cause baby seizures, even coma.
So, what about diluting formula with water? Nutritional content in formula milk is undoubtedly better if only compared with water alone. But, you should discuss with a pediatrician if you want to use formula and diluted with water.
Also, it is the provision of water in infants can also cause baby diarrhea. This is because the water that is shipped to the baby is not sterile and contains germs. Of course, we agree that the baby’s body is still vulnerable, so the risk of babies become diarrhea because the water content becomes large.
If you want to give infant formula, Father and Mother are recommended to use boiled water. Water temperature of at least 70 ° Celsius, then chills first before giving it to the baby. If, Father and Mother dilute formula milk with bottled water, note the mineral content on the label of bottled water. Make sure that the sodium (Na) content is not more than 200mg per liter, and the sulfate content (SO or SO4) is not more than 250mg per liter.
When Can Babies Have Water Or Juice
Fruit juice is rich in various vitamins but does not provide significant nutritional benefits for infants younger than 6 months. After 6 months, you can give fruit juice, but in a limited amount.
It is advisable to consume fresh fruit rather than in the form of liquid because the nutrients will be more beneficial for child growth. Nutritional needs for your child’s growth should be assessed before you start providing fruit juice.
Nutritional Needs Of Infants
In the first year of growth, babies need breast milk as the primary source of dietary intake. In the first six months, breast milk (or if milk is not possible formula) should be the only source of food for babies.
As the flower grows, infants aged 6 months and over will be ready to receive their first solid food. Make sure your infant is able to sit and hold the head position steadily before you start giving solid food.
You will also begin to notice your child’s interest in food when you see you eat. Do not give fruit juice before the age of 6 months. Always prioritize exclusive breastfeeding or formula milk for your baby.
How To Give Fruit Juice?
When you decide to provide fruit juice, give only 100% real fruit juice. Consider the label of ready-to-drink juice composition, as some of the packaged juice products contain added sugars or artificial flavors to enrich the taste of the drink.
At 6 months of age, your baby can tolerate at least 4 ounces (120 ml) of juice per day, but no more. When babies consume too much fluid, this habit will replace the acquisition of essential nutrients from breast milk or formula.
Fruit juice contains natural sugar, and to reduce the sugar content, you can dilute it with water. A good comparison is half a glass of fruit juice and half a glass of water.
When Is The Child Ready To Drink Fruit Juice?
Before starting to provide fruit juice, make sure your child is steady grip and use a baby cup (Sippy cup). Do not give juice using a bottle of the pacifier.
You can introduce a Sippy cup when your child is 6 months old. If your baby is not ready to use a Sippy cup, delay the provision of fruit juice until he can use Sippy cup well.
Can Babies Have Bottled Water
As we know, the human body consists of 90% fluid. This body water plays a vital role in the process of digestion, absorption, and transport of nutrients, blood circulation, saliva production and maintain body temperature.
Today, not a few parents forget the benefits of water due to the seduction of ads of formula milk ads and feel safe, just by providing formula milk without offset enough water for children. While some people assume, that body fluids can be obtained by consuming fruits that contain lots of water, or drinks containing sugar like sweet tea water.
The assumption is of course not wrong. But we know the adverse effects of formula-feeding, and sugary drinks excessively will result in obesity and trigger the emergence of early diabetes in children.
Fulfillment of the child’s need for a refreshing drink such as water will affect the following.
1. Reduce Constipation In Children
Provision of adequate drinking water, especially in the morning will help smooth the process of digestion and make the feces become not hard.
2. Prevent Damage To A Child’s Teeth
Water as a refreshing drink, also free from sugar and soda that can stick to the child’s teeth. According to the American Dental Association, fluoridation by water helps reduce tooth decay by 20 to 40 percent.
3. Maintain The Physical And Mental Health Of Children
Water is the main component of the blood that serves to carry oxygen and nutrients to flow throughout the body. In addition to functioning as a guard body temperature to stay regular. Water is also a source of lymphatic fluid in the lymphatic system that is essential for the immune system.
Water also keeps the central nervous system like the spinal cord as well as other vital organs. Providing adequate drinking to children will have a direct impact on the health of the child.
4. Make The Child Stay Agile Move
Water serves as a lubricant, which maintains lubrication and bearing joints. Lack of drinking will cause lethargy in children, making children feel limp and lazy to move.
5. Educate Children
Drinking enough will have an impact on the power of concentration and improve brain performance. This is because water is an essential component of blood-forming that conveys oxygen and other nutrients critical to the brain.
6. Maintain Oral Health
Water reduces the risk of growing and developing Candida fungus in the baby’s oral cavity. The difficulty that arises then is how to familiarize children drink enough water in each day. The growing awareness of children about the importance of drinking water should be grown from an early age.
Why Can’t Babies Have Tap Water
For those of you who have trouble persuading your baby to drink water, try to practice some of the following tips, so he did not get dehydrated:
- Encourage him to drink just a little, but with many frequencies throughout the day. If you also use juice, then give no more than 473ml only per day. That way the child remains hydrated but not the glut of water, which can make him reluctant to eat. Juice can be given after the age of children over 6 months, but not necessarily.
- You can also be creative with colors and shapes while serving water. Use a suction cup or a colorful bottle that is given a unique straw so that the child’s spirit to drink water. You can even use a bottle cap to hold a little water and then push it into the mouth of the baby.
- Consider also the weather and activity of your child. Unlike adults, children have not been able to regulate their own body temperature. So, if for example the little overheated, he usually more difficult to recover by itself. Therefore, encourage children to drink before, during, and after the move. As a rule, children should drink at least 4 gulps of water (473ml) every 20 minutes, or at any time during the rest period.
- Provide water-rich foods such as soups; or water-rich fruits such as watermelons, oranges, and grapes. You can also add lemon, lime, cucumber, or orange in the water as a healthy natural flavor.